Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Description
Hypertension is a persistent increase of arterial pressure, ie diastolic pressure above 95 mmHg. Normal blood pressure usually does not exceed the systolic pressure 140 mm Hg and diastolic does not exceed 90 mmHg. However, normal blood pressure standards are individual in nature.

As many as 90% of cases the cause of hypertension is unknown. But can also be secondary to heart disease / kidney disease, diabetes, or tumors of the adrenal gland, drugs, or pregnancy.

The things that can cause hypertension, among others; smoking / drinking alcohol, eating lots of salt and fat, lack of exercise, obesity, and stress.


Symptoms
The symptoms of this disease, among others; usually no symptoms until complications arise. Accompanying complications are usually; stroke, heart failure, and kidney damage.

Hypertension can be prevented by routine examination every year after age 30 years, does not smoke / drink alcohol, reduce excess weight when, aerobics, and control stress.

Treatment
While the treatment of hypertension, among others; treatment without medication (diet low in salt / cholesterol / saturated fat, emotional stress relief, stop smoking / alcohol, and light physical exercise and regular) and antihypertensive drugs.

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