Michael Jackson and Cardiac Arrest


On June 25, 2009, Jackson collapsed at his rented mansion at 100 North Carolwood Drive in the Holmby Hills area of Los Angeles. Attempts at resuscitating him by his personal physician were unsuccessful. Los Angeles Fire Department paramedics received a 911 call at 12:22 p.m. (PDT), arriving three minutes and seventeen seconds later at Jackson's location. He was reportedly not breathing and CPR was performed. Resuscitation efforts continued both en route to the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, and for an hour further after arriving at approximately 1:13 p.m. He was noted to have been in cardiac arrest by the paramedics who attended him at his house.Jackson was pronounced dead at approximately 2:26 p.m. local timeRumors and news of Jackson's death broke web records, triggering a cyberspace traffic jam and creating severe traffic spikes to websites such as Google, Facebook, Twitter and Wikipedia Vigils were held by members of the general public after the death.
Michael Jackson, born in 1958, American singer, dancer, and songwriter. Jackson is one of the bestselling popular music artists in history, but beginning in the 1990s he became better known for his eccentric behavior and strange personal life.

Michael Joseph Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana. At the age of five he joined his brothers' singing group, which was dubbed the Jackson 5 (later renamed the Jacksons). Michael's dancing ability as well as his singing skills quickly made him the group's leader. Under the guidance of music producer Berry Gordy, founder of the Motown Records label, the group became very successful. Among the Jackson 5’s most popular songs were “I Want You Back” (1969), “ABC” (1970), and “I’ll Be There” (1970).

Jackson's first solo album, Got to Be There (1971), established him as an independent performer. Leaving the family group, Jackson played the Scarecrow in the musical film The Wiz (1978) and recorded the hit album Off the Wall (1979), which included a number of songs he had written. His 1982 album Thriller, produced by Quincy Jones, earned an unprecedented eight Grammy Awards, and would remain on the top of the Billboard charts for 9 months, eventually selling over 27 million copies in the United States alone. The music videos of the singles “Beat It” (for which he received a Grammy), “Thriller,” and “Billie Jean” from this album made Jackson a popular performer on MTV (see Music Television). The videos popularized one of Jackson’s singular dance moves, known as the moonwalk.

Jackson rejoined his brothers for the album Victory (1984) and a subsequent six-month tour. He also cowrote the song “We Are the World” (1985), which was performed by a group of more than 40 famous musicians. All profits from the single and video of this song were donated to programs targeting world hunger. Jackson's album Bad (1987) produced a number of hit singles—including the title song and “Man in the Mirror”—and his 1991 album Dangerous and its single “Remember the Time” were also bestsellers.

In 1995 Jackson’s double album HIStory was released. Half of the album is a compilation of the most successful songs from Thriller, Bad, and Dangerous, while the other half is a collection of original compositions. In 1996 Jackson won a Grammy Award for the music video “Scream” (1995), created with his sister Janet (see Janet Jackson). That same year he divorced Lisa Marie Presley, the late Elvis Presley's daughter, whom he had wed in 1994. Jackson eventually remarried and fathered two children before divorcing a second time in 1999. A third child was born in 2002 with the aid of a surrogate mother.

Jackson’s career went into decline after he faced allegations in 1993 that he had molested a 13-year-old boy. Although he was never arrested, in 1994 Jackson settled a multimillion-dollar civil lawsuit with the boy’s family without admitting to any wrongdoing. The boy refused to testify against Jackson in a criminal trial, and the investigation into the allegations became inactive. Following this incident the California legislature revised state law to require victims of child molestation to testify in criminal proceedings.

Jackson released the album Invincible in 2001, but the collection of new material did not sell nearly as well as his previous albums. The same year he was elected to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (the Jackson 5 had been elected in 1997).

In 2003 Jackson was arrested on multiple counts of child molestation, giving alcohol to a minor, extortion, and false imprisonment. The boy who accused Jackson of molestation testified during the trial, as did his mother, and testimony about alleged previous incidents of molestation by Jackson was also presented. Jackson’s defense attorneys countered by casting doubt on the credibility of the accuser and his family.

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, usually occurs when a blood clot forms inside a coronary artery at the site of an atherosclerotic plaque. The blood clot severely limits or completely cuts off blood flow to part of the heart. In a small percentage of cases, blood flow is cut off when the muscles in the artery wall contract suddenly, constricting the artery. This constriction, called vasospasm, can occur in an artery that is only slightly narrowed by atherosclerosis or even in a healthy artery. Regardless of the cause of a heart attack, the oxygen deprivation is so severe and prolonged that heart muscle cells begin to die for lack of oxygen. About 1.1 million people in the United States have a heart attack every year; the heart attacks prove fatal for about 40 percent of these people.

A person having a heart attack typically feels an intense, crushing pain in the chest, especially on the left side. The pain may radiate to the person’s neck, jaw, and left arm. The pain is often similar to an attack of angina, but more intense and longer lasting. Other signs of a heart attack include profuse sweating, nausea, and vomiting. However, heart attack symptoms can vary greatly among people. In one study, about one-quarter of people who had a heart attack felt only mild symptoms and did not seek medical attention, and about 12 percent experienced no symptoms at all.

Some people have gradually worsening bouts of angina before having a heart attack. For others, a heart attack may be the first signal of heart trouble. No matter what a person’s medical history, anyone who experiences symptoms of a heart attack should go to a hospital without delay. Oxygen deprivation can cause permanent damage to the heart within hours or even minutes, so the faster a heart attack patient receives treatment, the better the chance of survival.

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