Dengue Fever and Global Warming

Global warming or global warming to give effect to the human health sector either directly or indirectly. Increasing the temperature effect on the life of the mosquito that the dengue fever flare.

Prof. Dr. Soeharyo Hadisaputro dr.Sp.PD-KPTI, Teacher of the Faculty of Medical UNDIP who is also the Chairman of the Infectious Diseases Researchers tropical Semarang explain the influence of direct and indirect climate change on human health.

Directly: comfortable temperature for human life is between 20-25 degrees centigrade. Because climate change, the winter is very extreme cases it can increase asthma bronkial, violence dermatology, heat waves (heat waves) will cause the heart to work harder to cool down the body (circulation increases high) so that it can cause increased fatalitas.

Indirectly: Changes you morbiditas disease is transmitted by vectors (mosquitoes) or Vector borne disease. Bionomi mosquito that has changed due to increased temperature and humidity with the behavior of a particular mosquito akan changed which boast of the mosquito and the desire to search for food is greater. Egg production capability is also growing. In addition, the human settlement of the earth's temperature and extends the increasing mosquito can then crawl to the mountains of more than 1,000 meters above sea level and extends to the sub-tropical region.

Indonesia is tropical country with an average temperature of 24-28 degrees centigrade and the night where the daytime temperature is 3-10 derjat centigrade and clear changes between the wet season and dry season. Characteristic gives the opportunity to live suburnya mosquito vectors as penular some particular disease. Increasing the temperature effect on the life of vectors (breed quickly, a short period of maturity, Biting rate (bites level) increased, activity also increased reproduction) so that the mosquito population increases sharply.

Year 2100 is estimated to increase the temperature more than 3 degrees centigrade and this causes the occurrence of disease that is spread mosquito 2-fold higher. Other diseases caused by the vector (Vector borne disease) is also increased such as malaria, dengue fever dengue, Chikungunya, Japanese Encepahlitis, and Filariasis.

Diseases transmitted through water that can also be increased due to sea water and the flood tide of the disease, especially high among other morbiditasnya leptospirosis, Hanta virus infection. Even diseases due to climate change with a high temperature such as a new infection, Avian Influenza, Swine Influenza, Hanta virus infection, and Japanese Encephalitis.

The increasing cases of dengue fever due to global warming it is the necessary tool to detect dengue fever in a rapid, precise and accurate. PT Indofarma work with SD (Standard Diagnostics Inc.) to market Rapid Test (Quick Test) to detect dengue Duo quickly whether someone is exposed to dengue fever or not.

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